Edition V20N06 | Year 2015 | Editorial Orthodontic Insight | Pages 16 to 31
The tridimensional network formed by osteocytes controls bone design by coordinating cell activity on trabecular and cortical bone surfaces, especially osteoblasts and clasts. Miniplates and mini-implants provide anchorage, allowing all other orthodontic and orthopedic components, albeit afar, to deform and stimulate the network of osteocytes to command bone design remodeling upon “functional demand” established by force and its vectors. By means of transmission of forces, whether near or distant, based on anchorage provided by miniplates, it is possible to change the position, shape and size as well as the relationship established between the bones of the jaws. Understanding bone biology and the continuous remodeling of the skeleton allows the clinician to perform safe and accurate rehabilitation treatment of patients, thus increasing the possibilities and types of intervention procedures to be applied in order to restore patient’s esthetics and function.
Bone remodeling, Miniplates, Mini-implants, Dental implants, Orthodontic movement,
Consolaro A. Miniplates and mini-implants: bone remodeling as their biological foundation. Dental Press J Orthod. 2015 Nov-Dec;20(6):16-31. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.21.6.016-031.oin