The use of bisphosphonates does not contraindicate orthodontic and other types of treatment!

Admin Dental Press

Edition V19N04 | Year 2014 | Editorial Orthodontic Insight | Pages 18 to 26

Alberto Consolaro

Bisphosphonates have been increasingly used not only to treat bone diseases as well as conditions such as osteopenia and osteoporosis, but also in oncotherapy. The use of bisphosphonates induces clinicians to fear and care. These reactions are associated with controversy resulting from lack of in-depth knowledge on the mechanisms of action as well as lack of a more accurate assessment of side effects. Scientific and clinical knowledge disclosure greatly contributes to professionals’ discernment and inner balance, especially orthodontists. Fear does not lead to awareness. For these reasons, we present an article that focuses on that matter. This article was adapted from different journals of different dental specialties, as mentioned on footnote. There is no scientific evidence demonstrating that bisphosphonates are directly involved with etiopathogenic mechanisms of osteonecrosis and jaw osteomyelitis. Their use is contraindicated and limited in cases of dental treatment involving bone tissue. Nevertheless, such fact is based on professional opinion, case reports, and personal experience or experiment trials with failing methods. Additional studies will always be necessary; however, in-depth knowledge on bone biology is of paramount importance to offer an opinion about the clinical use of bisphosphonates and their further implications. Based on bone biopathology, this article aims at contributing to lay the groundwork for this matter.

Bisphosphonates, Osteomyelitis, Osteonecrosis, Orthodontics, Implants,

Como citar este artigo: Consolaro A. The use of bisphosphonates does not contraindicate orthodontic and other types of treatment! Dental Press J Orthod. 2014 July-Aug;19(4):18-26. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.19.4.018-026.oin

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