2019 Effect of orthodontic treatment on alveolar bone thickness in adults: a systematic review

Effect of orthodontic treatment on alveolar bone thickness in adults: a systematic review

Admin Dental Press

V24N04 | 2019 | Online Article | Pages 34 to 45

Michelle Sendyk, Daniele Sigal Linhares, Claudio Mendes Pannuti, João Batista de Paiva, José Rino Neto


Objectives: This review aimed at evaluating changes in alveolar bone thickness after completion of orthodontic treatment. Methods: Only prospective clinical studies that reported bone thickness in adult patients undergoing non-surgical orthodontic treatment were considered eligible. MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS databases were searched for articles published up to July 2018. Results: A total of 12 studies met the selected criteria. Most of the studies showed that orthodontic treatment produces a reduction in bone thickness of incisors, mainly at the palatal side. Conclusion: On patients undergoing different orthodontic treatment techniques, there was a significant bone thickness reduction, mainly on the palatal side. Clinical relevance: These findings are relevant and have to be considered in diagnosis and planning of tooth movement, in order to prevent the occurrence of dehiscence and fenestration in alveolar bone.

Orthodontics. Alveolar bone loss. Periodontics. Tooth movement.

Sendyk M, Linhares DS, Pannuti CM, Paiva JB, Rino Neto J. Effect of orthodontic treatment on alveolar bone thickness in adults: a systematic review. Dental Press J Orthod. 2019 July-Aug;24(4):34-45. DOI: //doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.24.4.034-045.oar

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