The ability of orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons in predicting spontaneous eruption of mandibular third molar using panoramic serial radiographs

Admin Dental Press

Edition V25N4 | Year 2020 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 68 to 74

Mylena Ranieri Libdy, Nicole Melres Rabello, Leandro Silva Marques, David Normando

Objective: To evaluate the skill of orthodontists and oral/maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) in providing a prognosis of mandibular third molars spontaneously erupted, through follow-up panoramic analysis. Methods: 22 orthodontic patients treated without extraction, presenting spontaneously erupted mandibular third molars (n = 44) were analyzed through panoramic serial radiographs. The first panoramic radiograph was obtained just after orthodontic treatment (PR1), in patients aging from 13 to 19 years. A second panoramic radiograph (PR2), was obtained in average two years later. The radiographs were randomly analyzed by 54 specialists, 27 orthodontists and 27 OMFS, to obtain the opinion about the approach to be adopted to these teeth in PR1. Then, another opinion was collected by adding a serial radiograph (PR1+2). Results: The concordance of the answers was moderate for OMFS (Kappa 0.44; p<0.0001) and significant for orthodontists (Kappa 0.39; p<0.0001). In the analysis of the first radiograph (PR1) of the spontaneously erupted molars, OMFS indicated extraction in 44.5% of cases, while orthodontists indicated in 42%, with no difference between groups (p=0.22). In PR1+2 analysis, orthodontists maintained the same level of extraction indication (45.6%, p=0.08), while surgeons indicated more extractions (63.2%, p<0.0001). Conclusions: Orthodontists and OMFS were not able to predict the eruption of the third molars that have erupted spontaneously. Both indicated extractions around half of the third molars. A follow-up analysis, including one more radiograph, did not improve the accuracy of prognosis among orthodontists and worsened for OMFS Third molar. Tooth extraction. Orthodontist. Oral and maxillofacial surgeon

Libdy MR, Rabello NM, Marques LS, Normando D. The ability of orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons in predicting spontaneous eruption of mandibular third molar using panoramic serial radiographs. Dental Press J Orthod. 2020 July-Aug;25(4):68-74.

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