Evaluation of zinc-oxide nanocoating on the characteristics and antibacterial behavior of nickel-titanium alloy

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Edition V25N4 | Year 2020 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 51 to 58

Shaza M. Hammad, Noha A. El-Wassefy, Marwa Sameh Shamaa, Ahmed Fathy

Objective: To investigate the effect of ZnO nanocoating on mechanical properties of NiTi orthodontic wires and antibacterial activity. Methods: 0.016×0.022-in NiTi orthodontic wires were coated with ZnO nanoparticles using an electrochemical deposition method with three electrodes system in 0.1M Zn(NO3 ) 2 . Mechanical properties and frictional resistance of the coated wires were investigated using an universal testing machine. Antibacterial effect of ZnO coating was also investigated. Results: A stable adhered ZnO nanocoating on NiTi wires was obtained. The coated wires have a significant antibacterial activity against S. aureus, S. pyogens and E. coli, and a reduction of frictional forces by 34%. Conclusion: ZnO nanocoating may improve the antibacterial effects of NiTi wires and reduce the frictional resistance. Coating may be implanted in orthodontic practice for faster and safer treatment.

Friction resistance. Antibacterial agents. NiTi orthodontic wires. ZnO nanoparticles.

Hammad SM, El-Wassefy NA, Shamaa MS, Fathy A. Evaluation of zinc-oxide nanocoating on the characteristics and antibacterial behavior of nickel-titanium alloy. Dental Press J Orthod. 2020 July-Aug;25(4):51-8.

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