Facial profile changes due to bone cement graft to manage the hyperactive muscles of the gingival smile

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Edition V25N2 | Year 2020 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 44 to 51

Érica Miranda de Torres, José Valladares-Neto, Karina de Oliveira Bernades, Luis Fernando Naldi, Hianne Miranda de Torres, Alexandre Leite Carvalho, Carlos Estrela

Objective: To evaluate facial profile changes promoted by polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement graft to reduce excessive gingival display due to hyperactivity of the elevator muscles of the upper lip during smiling. Methods: Eleven patients (all females, age range: 20 to 43 years) presenting gingival smile that were treated with PMMA cement grafts in a private clinic were selected for this retrospective study. Three angular and ten linear cephalometric facial profile measurements were performed preoperatively (baseline, T1 ) and at least 6 months postoperatively (T2 ). Differences between T1 and T2 were verified by Wilcoxon test, and the correlation between the thickness of the graft and facial profile changes was statistically evaluated by Spearman’s Coefficient test. The significance level was set at p<0.05.

Gingival smile, Bone cement, Polymethyl methacrylate, Facial profile,

Torres EM, Valladares-Neto J, Bernades KO, Naldi LF, Torres HM, Carvalho AL, Estrela C. Facial profile changes due to bone cement graft to manage the hyperactive muscles of the gingival smile. Dental Press J Orthod. 2020 Mar-Apr;25(2):44-51.

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