Edition V22N06 | Year 2017 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 35 to 42
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare upper airway widths among skeletal Class I malocclusion subjects with different vertical facial patterns. Methods: The sample included a total of 99 lateral cephalograms of post pubertal individuals (18.19 ± 1.76 years old). The vertical facial pattern was determined by the Vert index. The McNamara method was used to quantify upper airway widths. ANOVA test and Student’s t test for independent groups were used, when normal distribution was not supported Kruskal-Wallis test and U-Mann-Whitney test were used. A multiple linear regression analysis was also performed. Results: Statistically significant differences in several nasopharyngeal widths were found among the distinct vertical facial patterns. Subjects with brachyfacial pattern presented larger nasopharyngeal widths than subjects with mesofacial (p = 0.030) or dolichofacial (p = 0.034) patterns. The larger the Vert value, the larger the nasopharyngeal widths (R2 = 26.2%, p < 0.001). At the level of oropharynx no statistically significant differences were found. Conclusion: It was concluded that nasopharyngeal linear anteroposterior widths in Class I malocclusion brachyfacial are larger than in mesofacial and dolichofacial individuals. The Vert index only explained 25% of the total variability. No correlation was found for the oropharyngeal widths.
Upper airway, Vertical facial pattern, McNamara analysis, Vert index,
Flores-Blancas AP, Carruitero MJ, Flores-Mir C. Comparison of airway dimensions in skeletal Class I malocclusion subjects with different vertical facial patterns. Dental Press J Orthod. 2017 Nov-Dec;22(6):35-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.22.6.035-042.oar