Effect of TiO 2 nanoparticles incorporation on antibacterial properties and shear bond strength of dental composite used in Orthodontics

Admin Dental Press

Edition V22N05 | Year 2017 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 67 to 74

Ahmad Sodagar , Mohamad Sadegh Ahmad Akhoundi , Abbas Bahador , Yasamin Farajzadeh Jalali , Zahra Behzadi , Farideh Elhaminejad , Amir Hossein Mirhashemi

Introduction: Plaque accumulation and bond failure are drawbacks of orthodontic treatment, which requires composite for bonding of brackets. As the antimicrobial properties of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) have been proven, the aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial and mechanical properties of composite resins modified by the addition of TiO 2 NPs. Methods: Orthodontics composite containing 0%, 1%, 5% and 10% NPs were prepared. 180 composite disks were prepared for elution test, disk agar diffusion test and biofilm inhibition test to collect the counts of microorganisms on three days, measure the inhibition diameter and quantify the viable counts of colonies consequently. For shear bond strength (SBS) test, 48 intact bovine incisors were divided into four groups. Composites containing 0%, 1%, 5% and 10% NPs were used for bonding of bracket. The bracket/tooth SBS was measured by using an universal testing machine. Results: All concentration of TiO 2 NPs had a significant effect on creation and extension of inhibition zone. For S. mutans and S. sanguinis, all concentration of TiO2 NPs caused reduction of the colony counts. Composite containing 10% TiO 2 NPs had significant effect on reduction of colony counts for S. mutans and S. sanguinis in all three days. The highest mean shear bond strength belonged to the control group, while the lowest value was seen in 10% NPs composite. Conclusions: Incorporating TiO2 nanoparticles into composite resins confer antibacterial properties to adhesives, while the mean shear bond of composite containing 1% and 5% NPs still in an acceptable range.

Titanium dioxide, nanoparticles, Dental bonding, Antimicrobial orthodontic adhesive, Shear strength,

Sodagar A, Akhoundi MSA, Bahador A, Jalali YF, Behzadi Z, Elhaminejad F, Mirhashemi AH. Effect of TiO2 nanoparticles incorporation on antibacterial properties and shear bond strength of dental composite used in orthodontics. Dental Press J Orthod. 2017 Sept-Oct;22(5):67-74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.22.5.067-074.oar

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