Evaluation of facial attractiveness in black people according to the subjective facial analysis criteria

Admin Dental Press

Edition V22N01 | Year 2017 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 75 to 81

Andréa Reis De Melo , Ana Cláudia De Castro Ferreira Conti , Renata Rodrigues Almeida-pedrin , Victor Didier , Danilo Pinelli Valarelli , Leopoldino Capelozza Filho

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the facial attractiveness in 30 black individuals, according to the Subjective Facial Analysis criteria. Methods: Frontal and profile view photographs of 30 black individuals were evaluated for facial attractiveness and classified as esthetically unpleasant, acceptable, or pleasant by 50 evaluators: the 30 individuals from the sample, 10 orthodontists, and 10 laymen. Besides assessing the facial attractiveness, the evaluators had to identify the structures responsible for the classification as unpleasant and pleasant. Intraexaminer agreement was assessed by using Spearman’s correlation, correlation within each category using Kendall concordance coefficient, and correlation between the 3 categories using chi-square test and proportions. Results: Most of the frontal (53. 5%) and profile view (54. 9%) photographs were classified as esthetically acceptable. The structures most identified as esthetically unpleasant were the mouth, lips, and face, in the frontal view; and nose and chin in the profile view. The structures most identified as esthetically pleasant were harmony, face, and mouth, in the frontal view; and harmony and nose in the profile view. The ratings by the examiners in the sample and laymen groups showed statistically significant correlation in both views. The orthodontists agreed with the laymen on the evaluation of the frontal view and disagreed on profile view, especially regarding whether the images were esthetically unpleasant or acceptable. Conclusions: Based on these results, the evaluation of facial attractiveness according to the Subjective Facial Analysis criteria proved to be applicable and to have a subjective influence; therefore, it is suggested that the patient’s opinion regarding the facial esthetics should be considered in orthodontic treatment planning.

Orthodontics, Diagnosis, Face, Profile, Black,

Melo AR, Conti ACCF, Almeida-Pedrin RR, Didier V, Valarelli DP, Capelozza Filho L. Evaluation of facial attractiveness in black people according to the subjective facial analysis criteria. Dental Press J Orthod. 2017 Jan-Feb;22(1):75-81. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.22.1.075-081.oar

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