Edition V21N06 | Year 2016 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 82 to 90
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dental effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in cleft patients using two types of expanders. Methods: Twenty unilateral cleft lip and palate patients were randomly divided into two groups, according to the type of expander used: (I) modified Hyrax and (II) inverted Mini-Hyrax. A pretreatment cone-beam computed tomographic image (T0) was taken as part of the initial orthodontic records and three months after RME, for bone graft planning (T1). Results: In general, there was no significant difference among groups (p > 0.05). Both showed a significant transverse maxillary expansion (p < 0.05) and no significant forward and/or downward movement of the maxilla (p > 0.05). There was greater dental crown than apical expansion. Maxillary posterior expansion tended to be larger than anterior opening (p < 0.05). Cleft and non-cleft sides were symmetrically expanded and there was no difference in dental tipping between both sides (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The appliances tested are effective in the transverse expansion of the maxilla. However, these appliances should be better indicated to cleft cases also presenting posterior transverse discrepancy, since there was greater expansion in the posterior maxillary region than in the anterior one.
Palatal expansion technique, Cleft palate, Cone-beam computed tomography,
Figueiredo DSF, Cardinal L, Bartolomeo FUC, Palomo JM, Horta MCR, Andrade Jr I, Oliveira DD. Effects of rapid maxillary expansion in cleft patients resulting from the use of two different expanders. Dental Press J Orthod. 2016 Nov-Dec;21(6):82-90. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.21.6.082-090.oar