Perception of midline deviations in smile esthetics by laypersons

Admin Dental Press

Edition V21N06 | Year 2016 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 51 to 57

Jamille Barros Ferreira , Licínio Esmeraldo Da Silva , Márcia Tereza De Oliveira Caetano , Andrea Fonseca Jardim Da Motta , Adriana De Alcântara Cury-saramago , José Nelson Mucha

Objective: To evaluate the esthetic perception of upper dental midline deviation by laypersons and if adjacent structures influence their judgment. Methods: An album with 12 randomly distributed frontal view photographs of the smile of a woman with the midline digitally deviated was evaluated by 95 laypersons. The frontal view smiling photograph was modified to create from 1 mm to 5 mm deviations in the upper midline to the left side. The photographs were cropped in two different manners and divided into two groups of six photographs each: group LCN included the lips, chin, and two-thirds of the nose, and group L included the lips only. The laypersons performed the rate of each smile using a visual analog scale (VAS). Wilcoxon test, Student’s t-test and Mann-Whitney test were applied, adopting a 5% level of significance. Results: Laypersons were able to perceive midline deviations starting at 1 mm. Statistically significant results (p < 0.05) were found for all multiple comparisons of the values in photographs of group LCN and for almost all comparisons in photographs of group L. Comparisons between the photographs of groups LCN and L showed statistically significant values (p < 0.05) when the deviation was 1 mm. Conclusions: Laypersons were able to perceive the upper dental midline deviations of 1 mm, and above when the adjacent structures of the smiles were included. Deviations of 2 mm and above when the lips only were included. The visualization of structures adjacent to the smile demonstrated influence on the perception of midline deviation. Esthetics, dental, Photography, dental, Perception, Orthodontics,

Ferreira JB, Silva LE, Caetano MTO, Motta AFJ, Cury-Saramago AA, Mucha JN. Perception of midline deviations in smile esthetics by laypersons. Dental Press J Orthod. 2016 Nov-Dec;21(6):51-7. DOI:

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