Is alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction an effective protocol in the treatment of Class III malocclusion? A systematic review

Admin Dental Press

Edition V21N06 | Year 2016 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 34 to 42

Matheus Melo Pithon , Nathalia De Lima Santos , Camila Rangel Barreto Dos Santos , Felipe Carvalho Souza Baião , Murilo Costa Rangel Pinheiro , Manoel Matos Neto , Ianderlei Andrade Souza , Rafael Pereira De Paula

Introduction: the treatment of Class III malocclusion in early age is one of the greatest challenges for orthodontists, and the establishment of more effective treatment method is a constant concern for these professionals. Thus, the objective of this systematic review is to verify the effectiveness of the therapy protocol for alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction (Alt-RAMEC) in the early treatment of Class III malocclusion. Methods: searches were performed in the following electronic databases: Cochrane Library, Medline (EBSCO and PubMed), SciELO, LILACS and Scopus. The following inclusion criteria were used: in vivo studies conducted with early intervention (patient in craniofacial development phase) with the use of the Alt-RAMEC protocol. Reviews, case reports, editorials, and studies with syndromic patients or under use of systemic drug were excluded. Duplicates were also excluded. The studies were assessed for methodological quality using the Cochrane tool for assessment of risk of bias, and classified as high or low risk of bias. Results: 53 articles were found. Duplicates exclusion was thus performed and 35 articles remained. After inclusion analysis, only 5 matched the criteria. Two articles were classified as low risk of bias and three as high risk of bias. It was observed that the Alt-RAMEC enable protraction in less time and with better results, promoting greater effectiveness in the protraction treatment of Class III malocclusion. Conclusions: Although there is positive evidence of the effectiveness of early treatment with the Alt-RAMEC protocol in patients with Class III malocclusion, further studies are needed to confirm its effectiveness using long-term methodology.

Malocclusion, Angle Class III, Palatal expansion technique, Early diagnosis,

Pithon MM, Santos NL, Santos CRB, Baião FCS, Pinheiro MCR, Matos Neto M, Souza IA, Paula RP. Is alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction protocol effective in the treatment of Class III malocclusion? A systematic review. Dental Press J Orthod. 2016 Nov-Dec;21(6):34-42. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.21.6.034-042.oar

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