Esthetic perception of orthodontic appliances by Brazilian children and adolescents

Admin Dental Press

Edition V21N05 | Year 2016 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 58 to 66

Deise Caldas Kuhlman , Tatiana Araújo De Lima , Candice Belchior Duplat , Jonas Capelli Junior

Objective: The objective of this present study was to understand how children and adolescents perceive esthetic attractiveness of a variety of orthodontic appliances. It also analyzed preferences according to patients’ age, sex and socioeconomic status. Methods: A photograph album consisting of eight photographs of different orthodontic appliances and clear tray aligners placed in a consenting adult with pleasing smile was used. A sample of children or adolescents aged between 8 and 17 years old (n = 276) was asked to rate each image for its attractiveness on a visual analog scale. Comparisons between the appliances attractiveness were performed by means of nonparametric statistics with Friedman’s test followed by Dunn’s multiple comparison post-hoc test. Correlation between appliances and individuals’ socioeconomic status, age, sex, and esthetic perception was assessed by means of Spearman’s correlation analysis. Results: Attractiveness ratings of orthodontic appliances varied nonsignificantly for children in the following hierarchy: traditional metallic brackets with green elastomeric ligatures > traditional metallic brackets with gray elastomeric ligatures > sapphire esthetic brackets; and for adolescents, as follows: sapphire esthetic brackets > clear aligner without attachments > traditional metallic brackets with green elastomeric ligatures. The correlation between individuals’ socioeconomic status and esthetic perception of a given appliance was negative and statistically significant for appliances such as the golden orthodontic brackets and traditional metallic brackets with green elastomeric ligatures. Conclusion: Metal appliances were considered very attractive, whereas aligners were classified as less attractive by children and adolescents. The correlation between esthetic perception and socioeconomic status revealed that individuals with a higher socioeconomic level judged esthetics as the most attractive attribute. For those with higher economic status, golden orthodontic brackets and traditional metallic brackets with green elastomeric ligatures were assessed as the worst esthetic option.

Orthodontic appliances, Esthetics, Corrective orthodontic treatment,

Kuhlman DC, Lima TA, Duplat CB, Capelli Junior J. Esthetic perception of orthodontic appliances by Brazilian children and adolescents. Dental Press J Orthod. 2016 Sept-Oct;21(5):58-66. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.21.5.058-066.oar

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