Evaluation of cytotoxicity and corrosion resistance of orthodontic mini-implants

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Edition V21N05 | Year 2016 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 39 to 46

Celha Borges Costa Alves , Márcio Nunes Segurado , Miriam Cristina Leandro Dorta , Fátima Ribeiro Dias , Maurício Guilherme Lenza , Marcos Augusto Lenza

Objective: To evaluate and compare in vitro cytotoxicity and corrosion resistance of mini-implants from three different commercial brands used for orthodontic anchorage. Methods: Six mini-implants (Conexão™, Neodent™ and SIN™) were separately immersed in artificial saliva (pH 6.76) for 30 and 60 days. The cytotoxicity of the corrosion extracts was assessed in L929 cell cultures using the violet crystal and MTT assays, as well as cell morphology under light microscopy. Metal surface characteristics before and after immersion in artificial saliva were assessed by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The samples underwent atomic absorption spectrophotometry to determine the concentrations of aluminum and vanadium ions, constituent elements of the alloy that present potential toxicity. For statistical analysis, one-way ANOVA/Bonferroni tests were used for comparisons among groups with p < 0.05 considered significant. Statistical analysis was carried out with Graph Pad PRISM software Version 4.0. Results: No changes in cell viability or morphology were observed. Mini-implants SEM images revealed smooth surfaces with no obvious traces of corrosion. The extracts assessed by means of atomic absorption spectrophotometry presented concentrations of aluminum and vanadium ions below 1.0 μg/mL and 0.5 μg/mL, respectively. Conclusion: Orthodontic mini-implants manufactured by Conexão™, Neodent™ and SIN™ present high corrosion resistance and are not cytotoxic. Mini-implants, Corrosion, Cytotoxicity,

Alves CBC, Segurado MN, Dorta MCL, Dias FR, Lenza MG, Lenza MA. Evaluation of cytotoxicity and corrosion resistance of orthodontic mini-implants. Dental Press J Orthod. 2016 Sep-Oct;21(5):39-46. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.21.5.039-046.oar

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