Orthodontic intrusion of maxillary incisors: a 3D finite element method study

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Edition V21N01 | Year 2016 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 75 to 82

Armando Yukio Saga , Hiroshi Maruo , Marco André Argenta , Ivan Toshio Maruo E Orlando Motohiro Tanaka

Objective: In orthodontic treatment, intrusion movement of maxillary incisors is often necessary. Therefore, the objective of this investigation is to evaluate the initial distribution patterns and magnitude of compressive stress in the periodontal ligament (PDL) in a simulation of orthodontic intrusion of maxillary incisors, considering the points of force application. Methods: Anatomic 3D models reconstructed from cone-beam computed tomography scans were used to simulate maxillary incisors intrusion loading. The points of force application selected were: centered between central incisors brackets (LOAD 1); bilaterally between the brackets of central and lateral incisors (LOAD 2); bilaterally distal to the brackets of lateral incisors (LOAD 3); bilaterally 7 mm distal to the center of brackets of lateral incisors (LOAD 4). Results and Conclusions: Stress concentrated at the PDL apex region, irrespective of the point of orthodontic force application. The four load models showed distinct contour plots and compressive stress values over the midsagittal reference line. The contour plots of central and lateral incisors were not similar in the same load model. LOAD 3 resulted in more balanced compressive stress distribution.

Orthodontics, Tooth intrusion, Finite element analysis,

Saga AY, Maruo H, Argenta MA, Maruo IT, Ta- naka OM. Orthodontic intrusion of maxillary incisors: a 3D finite element meth- od study. Dental Press J Orthod. 2016 Jan-Feb;21(1):75-82. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.21.1.075-082.oar

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