Evaluation of long-term stability of mesiodistal axial inclinations of maxillary molars through panoramic radiographs in subjects treated with Pendulum appliance

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Edition V21N01 | Year 2016 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 67 to 74

Caroline Andrade Rocha , Renato Rodrigues De Almeida , José Fernando Castanha Henriques , Carlos Flores-mir E Marcio Rodrigues De Almeida

Objective: To evaluate the stability of mesiodistal inclination of maxillary molars produced by a pendulum appliance, five years after completion of orthodontic treatment. Angulation changes were compared to an untreated sample. Methods: The sample consisted of 20 patients (14 females and 6 males) with Class II, Division 1 malocclusion that was treated through molar distalization with a pendulum appliance followed by cervical headgear and full fixed appliances. Maxillary molar inclination was evaluated through panoramic radiograph. The mean age at pretreatment was 14.3 ± 1.6 years, whereas at immediate post-treatment it was 18.6 ± 1.8 years, and at long-term post-treatment it was 23.8 ± 2.0 years. A control group of 16 untreated individuals with untreated normocclusion ranging in age from 12 to 17 years old were used as comparison group. Data were statistically analyzed with independent t-tests and ANOVA test followed by Tukey post-hoc tests. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between T (94.50) and T (98.80) as well as between T and T 1223 (94.70) for maxillary first molars. Maxillary second molars did not show any statistically significant positional changes during the evaluated time periods T (107.50), T (109.30) and T (106.90). 123 Conclusion: Although maxillary first molars underwent distal crown inclination immediately after treatment, approximately five years thereafter their roots tended to upright close to the pretreatment positions.

Orthodontic appliances, Angle Class II malocclusion, Radiography,

Rocha CA, Almeida RR, Henriques JFC, Flores-Mir C, Almeida MR. Evaluation of long-term stability of mesiodistal axial inclinations of maxillary molars through panoramic radiographs in subjects treated with Pendulum appliance. Dental Press J Orthod. 2016 Jan-Feb;21(1):67-74. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.21.1.067-074.oar

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