Effectiveness of fluoride sealant in the prevention of carious lesions around orthodontic brackets: an OCT evaluation

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Edition V20N06 | Year 2015 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 37 to 42

Matheus Melo Pithon , Mariana De Jesus Santos , Camilla Andrade De Souza , Jorge César Borges Leão Filho , Ana Karla Souza Braz , Renato Evangelista De Araujo , Orlando Motohiro Tanaka , Dauro Douglas Oliveira

Objective: This article aimed to evaluate in vitro the efficiency of Pro Seal fluoride sealant application in the prevention of white spot lesions around orthodontic brackets. Material and Methods: Brackets were bonded to the buccal surface of bovine incisors, and five groups were formed (n = 15) according to the exposure of teeth to oral hygiene substances and the application of enamel sealant: G1 (control), only brushing was performed with 1.450 ppm fluoride; G2 (control) brushing associated with the use of mouthwash with 225 ppm fluoride; G3, only Pro Seal sealant application was performed with 1.000 ppm fluoride; G4 Pro Seal associated with brushing; G5 Pro Seal associated with brushing and mouthwash. Experimental groups alternated between pH cycling and the procedures described. All specimens were kept at a temperature of 37 °C throughout the entire experiment. Both brushing and immersion in solutions were performed within a time interval of one minute, followed by washing in deionized water three times a day for 28 days. Afterwards, an evaluation by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) of the spectral type was performed. In each group, a scanning exam of the white spot lesion area (around the sites where brackets were bonded) and depth measurement of carious lesions were performed. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied to determine whether there were significant differences among groups. For post hoc analysis, Tukey test was used. Results: There was statistically significant difference between groups 1 and 2 (p = 0.003), 1 and 3 (p = 0.008), 1 and 4 (p = 0.000) and 1 and 5 (p = 0.000). The group in which only brushing was performed (Group 1) showed deeper enamel lesion. Conclusion: Pro Seal sealant alone or combined with brushing and/or brushing and the use of a mouthwash with fluoride was more effective in protecting enamel, in comparison to brushing alone.

Dental caries, Fluorides, Pit and fissure sealants,

Pithon MM, Santos MJ, Souza CA, Leão Filho JCB, Braz AKS, Araujo RE, Tanaka OM, Oliveira DD. Effectiveness of fluoride sealant in the prevention of carious lesions around orthodontic brackets: an OCT evaluation. Dental Press J Orthod. 2015 Nov-Dec;20(6):37-42. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.20.6.037-042.oar

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