Parent-assessed quality of life among adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment: a 12-month follow-up

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Edition V20N05 | Year 2015 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 94 to 100

Lucas Guimarães Abreu , Camilo Aquino Melgaço , Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimaraes Abreu , Elizabeth Maria Bastos Lages , Saul Martins Paiva

Objective: To assess parents’ and caregivers’ view of the first twelve months of adolescents’ orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances and to assess the evaluative properties of the Brazilian version of the Parental-Caregiver Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ) in the orthodontic setting. Methods: Data from a sample of 96 parents and caregivers of adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances were collected by means of P-CPQ. Assessments were performed before banding and bracket bonding (T1) and 12 months after placement of fixed appliances (T2). Statistical analysis included Wilcoxon signed-rank test for the overall P-CPQ score and Bonferroni correction for P-CPQ subscales. The evaluative properties of the P-CPQ were assessed through responsiveness calculation and the minimally clinical important difference (MCID). Results: Among the 96 participants, 76 were mothers of patients, 16 were fathers, and four were other family members. Adolescents’ mean age was 11.49 ± 0.50 years. Most families earned equal to or less than three times the Brazilian monthly minimum wage. There was significant improvement in the emotional and social well-being subscales (p < 0.001), which contributed to improve patient’s overall quality of life (p < 0.001). Reductions in scores were associated with clinically meaningful moderate changes in the overall score as well as in the emotional and social well-being subscales. The MCID was 6.16 for the P-CPQ overall score. Conclusion: Parents and caregivers reported significant improvement in the quality of life of adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Parents, Caregivers, Adolescent, Quality of life, Orthodontic appliances,

Abreu LG, Melgaço CA, Abreu MHNG, Lages EMB, Paiva SM. Parent-assessed quality of life among adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment: a 12-month follow-up. Dental Press J Orthod. 2015 Sept- Oct;20(5):94-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.20.5.094-100.oar

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