Influence of magnification and superimposition of structures on cephalometric diagnosis

Admin Dental Press

Edition V20N02 | Year 2015 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 29 to 34

Leonardo Koerich , Priscilla De Almeida Solon-de-mello , Claudia Trindade Mattos , Antônio Carlos De Oliveira Ruellas , Eduardo Franzotti Sant`anna

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of magnification and superimposition of structures on CBCT-generated lateral cephalometric radiographs (LCR) using different segments of the cranium. Methods: CBCT scans of 10 patients were selected. Four LCR were generated using Dolphin Imaging® software: fullface, right side, left side and center of the head. A total of 40 images were imported into Radiocef Studio 2®, and the angles of the most common cephalometric analyses were traced by the same observer twice and within a 10-day interval. Statistical analyses included intraexaminer agreement and comparison between methods by means of intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman agreement tests. Results: Intraexaminer agreement of the angles assessed by ICC was excellent (> 0.90) for 83% of measurements, good (between 0.75 and 0.90) for 15%, and moderate (between 0.50 and 0.75) for 2% of measurements. The comparison between methods by ICC was excellent for 68% of measurements, good for 26%, and moderate for 6%. Variables presenting wider confidence intervals (> 6o ) in the Bland-Altman tests, in intraexaminer assessment, were: mandibular incisor angle, maxillary incisor angle, and occlusal plane angle. And in comparison methods the variables with wider confidence interval were: mandibular incisor, maxillary incisor, GoGn, occlusal plane angle, Frankfort horizontal plane (FHP), and CoA. Conclusion: Superimposition of structures seemed to influence the results more than magnification, and neither one of them significantly influenced the measurements. Considerable individual variability may occur, especially for mandibular and maxillary incisors, FHP and occlusal plane.

Cone-beam computed tomography, Diagnosis, Radiography, Reproducibility of results,

Paula LK, Solon-de-Mello PA, Mattos CT, Ruellas ACO, Sant’Anna EF. Influence of magnification and superimposition of structures on cephalometric diagnosis. Dental Press J Orthod. 2015 Mar-Apr;20(2):29-34. DOI:

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