The effects of binge-pattern alcohol consumption on orthodontic tooth movement

Admin Dental Press

Edition V19N06 | Year 2014 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 93 to 98

Cristiano Miranda De Araujo , Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues Johann , Elisa Souza Camargo , Orlando Motohiro Tanaka

Objective: This study aimed to assess tissue changes during orthodontic movement after binge-pattern ethanol 20% exposure. Methods: Male Wistar rats (n = 54) were divided into two groups. The control group (CG) received 0.9% saline solution, while the experimental group (EG) received 20% ethanol in 0.9% saline solution (3 g/kg/day). On the 30th day, a force of 25 cN was applied with a nickel-titanium closed coil spring to move the maxillary right first molar mesially. The groups were further divided into three subgroups (2, 14 and 28 days). Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and picrosirius were used to assess bone resorption and neoformation, respectively. Data were compared by two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s HSD, Games-Howell and chi-square test. Significance level was set at 5%. Results: There was a decrease in the number of osteoclasts in EG at day 28. The percentage of collagen showed no interaction between group and time. Conclusion: Binge-pattern 20% ethanol promoted less bone resorption at the end of tooth movement, thereby suggesting delay in tooth movement.

Tooth movement, Orthodontics, Bone remodeling,

Araujo CM, Johann ACBR, Camargo ES, Tanaka OM. The effects of binge-pattern alcohol consumption on orthodontic tooth movement. Dental Press J Orthod. 2014 Nov-Dec;19(6):93-8. DOI: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.19.6.093-098.oar

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