Edition V19N06 | Year 2014 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 46 to 53
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the Björk and Jabarak cephalometric analysis generated from conebeam computed tomography (CBCT) synthesized lateral cephalograms in adults with different sagittal skeletal patterns. Methods: The sample consisted of 46 CBCT synthesized cephalograms obtained from patients between 16 and 40 years old. A Björk and Jarabak cephalometric analysis among different sagittal skeletal classes was performed. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), multiple range test of Tukey, Kruskal-Wallis test, and independent t-test were used as appropriate. Results: In comparison to the standard values: Skeletal Class III had increased gonial and superior gonial angles (P < 0.001). This trend was also evident when sex was considered. For Class I males, the sella angle was decreased (P = 0.041), articular angle increased (P = 0.027) and gonial angle decreased (P = 0.002); whereas for Class III males, the gonial angle was increased (P = 0.012). For Class I females, the articular angle was increased (P = 0.029) and the gonial angle decreased (P = 0.004). Björk's sum and Björk and Jabarak polygon sum showed no significant differences. The facial biotype presented in the three sagittal classes was mainly hypodivergent and neutral. Conclusions: In this sample, skeletal Class III malocclusion was strongly differentiated from the other sagittal classes, specifically in the mandible, as calculated through Björk and Jarabak analysis.
Cephalometry, Computed tomography scanners, Malocclusion,
Rodriguez-Cardenas YA, Arriola-Guillen LE, Flores- -Mir C. Björk-Jarabak cephalometric analysis on CBCT synthesized cephalograms with different dentofacial sagittal skeletal patterns. Dental Press J Orthod. 2014 Nov-Dec;19(6):46-53. OI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.19.6.046-053.oar