Photoelastic analysis of stress generated by wires when conventional and self-ligating brackets are used: A pilot study

Admin Dental Press

Edition V19N05 | Year 2014 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 74 to 78

Guilherme Caiado Sobral , Mário Vedovello Filho , Viviane Veroni Degan , Milton Santamaria Jr

Objective: By means of a photoelastic model, this study analyzed the stress caused on conventional and self-ligating brackets with expanded arch wires. Method: Standard brackets were adhered to artificial teeth and a photoelastic model was prepared using the Interlandi 19/12 diagram as base. Successive activations were made with 0.014-in and 0.018-in rounded cross section Nickel-Titanium wires (NiTi) and 0.019 x 0.025-in rectangular stainless steel wires all of which made on 22/14 Interlandi diagram. The model was observed on a plane polariscope — in a dark field microscope configuration — and photographed at each exchange of wire. Then, they were replaced by self-ligating brackets and the process was repeated. Analysis was qualitative and observed stress location and pattern on both models analyzed. Conclusions: Results identified greater stress on the region of the apex of premolars in both analyzed models. Upon comparing the stress between models, a greater amount of stress was found in the model with conventional brackets in all of its wires. Therefore, the present pilot study revealed that alignment of wires in self-ligating brackets produced lower stress in periodontal tissues in expansive mechanics.

Orthodontic brackets, Dental arch, Corrective orthodontics,

Sobral GC, Vedovello Filho M, Degan VV, Santamaria
Jr M. Photoelastic analysis of stress generated by wires when conventional and
self-ligating brackets are used: A pilot study. Dental Press J Orthod. 2014 Sept-
-Oct;19(5):74-8. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.19.5.074-078.oar

Related articles