Bruxism in children and transverse plane of occlusion: Is there a relationship or not?

Admin Dental Press

Edition V19N05 | Year 2014 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 67 to 73

Ana Carla Raphaelli Nahás-scocate , Fernando Vusberg Coelho , Viviane Chaves De Almeida

Objective: To assess the occurrence of bruxism in deciduous dentition and a potential association between the habit and the presence or absence of posterior crossbite. Methods: A total of 940 patient files were assessed. They were gathered from the archives of University of São Paulo City – UNICID; however, 67 patient files were dismissed for not meeting the inclusion criteria. Therefore, 873 children, males and females, comprised the study sample. They were aged between 2-6 years old and came from six different public primary schools from the east of the city of São Paulo. Data were collected through questionnaires answered by parents/guardians and by clinical examinations carried out in the school environment in order to obtain the occlusal characteristics in the transverse direction. First, a descriptive statistical analysis of all variables was performed (age, sex, race, posterior crossbite, bruxism, headache and restless sleep); then, the samples were tested by means of chi-square test with significance level set at 0.05%. A logistic regression model was applied to identify the presence of bruxism. Results: The prevalence of this parafunctional habit was of 28.8%, with 84.5% of patients showing no posterior crossbite. Regarding the association of bruxism with crossbite, significant results were not found. Children with restless sleep have 2.1 times more chances of developing bruxism, whereas children with headache have 1.5 more chances. Conclusion: Transverse plane of occlusion was not associated with the habit of bruxism.

Malocclusion, Bruxism, Epidemiology

Nahás-Scocate ACR, Coelho FV, Almeida VC.
Bruxism in children and transverse plane of occlusion: Is there relationship or
not? Dental Press J Orthod. 2014 Sept-Oct;19(5):67-73. DOI: http://dx.doi.
org/10.1590/2176-9451.19.5.067-073.oar

Related articles