Skeletal maturation in individuals with Down’s syndrome: Comparison between PGS curve, cervical vertebrae and bones of the hand and wrist

Admin Dental Press

Edition V19N04 | Year 2014 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 58 to 65

Glauber Carinhena , Danilo Furquim Siqueira , Eduardo Kazuo Sannomiya

Introduction: This study was conducted with the aim of adapting the methods developed by Martins and Sakima to assess skeletal maturation by cervical vertebrae in the pubertal growth spurt (PGS) curve. It also aimed to test the reliability and agreement between those methods and the method of hand and wrist radiograph when compared two by two and all together. Methods: The sample comprised 72 radiographs, with 36 lateral radiographs of the head and 36 hand-wrist radiographs of 36 subjects with Down’s syndrome (DS), 13 female and 23 male, aged between 8 years and 6 months and 18 years and 7 months, with an average age of 13 years and 10 months. Results and Conclusions: Results revealed that adapting the methods developed by Martins and Sakima to assess skeletal maturation by cervical vertebrae in the curve of PGS is practical and useful in determining the stage of growth and development of individuals. The stages of maturation evaluated by cervical vertebrae and ossification centers observed in radiographs of the hand and wrist were considered reliable, with excellent level of agreement between the methods by Hassel and Farman as well as Baccetti, Franchi and McNamara Jr and Martins and Sakima. Additionally, results revealed an agreement that ranged between reasonable to good for the three methods used to assess the skeletal maturation, showing statistical significance.

Down’s syndrome, Cervical vertebrae, Age determination by skeleton, Sesamoid bones,

Carinhena G, Siqueira DF, Sannomiya EK. Skeletal maturation in individuals with Down syndrome: Comparison between PGS curve, cervical vertebrae and bones of the hand and wrist. Dental Press J Orthod. 2014 July-Aug;19(4):58-65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.19.4.058-065.oar

Related articles