Edition V18N06 | Year 2013 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 65 to 71
Objective: The aim of this study was to review the use of orthodontic records (OTR?s) by Brazilian orthodontists and propose a behavioral approach from a legal point of view, drawing on their interpersonal relationship with their patients. Methods: A statistical cross-analysis was performed to compare five groups. A sixth group was created comprising the intersection of the responses provided by the five aforementioned groups. Results: The results demonstrate that 42.2% of orthodontists require initial and final records and keep orthodontic records throughout their professional career; 13.9% duplicate the initial records and consider patients as the lawful owners of these documents; 19.5% make use of a medical history questionnaire, to be duly signed by all patients; 5.4% acknowledge that the decision to undergo treatment is ultimately the patient?s, and, therefore, an alternative response ?not perform the treatment? should be included in the questionnaire; 24% recognize the importance of the Consumer Protection Code (CPC), regard the provision of orthodontic services as an obligation of means; and explain to the patient the risks involved in orthodontic practice. Among the 1,469 orthodontists researched, 0% simultaneously took into account all aspects of this study. Conclusion: It was concluded that Brazilian orthodontists adopt a mistaken legal, professional and behavioral attitude, neglecting to build patient?s orthodontic record with due care and in accordance with the law, which makes them vulnerable to patient disputes, contentious or otherwise.