Assessment of first molars sagittal and rotational position in Class II, division 1 malocclusion

Admin Dental Press

Edition V18N06 | Year 2013 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 106 to 111

Paulo Estevão Scanavini , Renata Pilli Jóias , Maria Helena Ferreira Vasconcelos , Marco Antonio Scanavini , Luiz Renato Paranhos

Objective: This study assessed the anterior-posterior positioning of the upper and lower first molars, and the degree of rotation of the upper first molars in individuals with Class II, division 1, malocclusion. Methods: Asymmetry I, an accurate device, was used to assess sixty sets of dental casts from 27 females and 33 males, aged between 12 and 21 years old, with bilateral Class II, division 1. The sagittal position of the molars was determined by positioning the casts onto the device, considering the midpalatal suture as a symmetry reference, and then measuring the distance between the mesial marginal ridge of the most distal molar and the mesial marginal ridge of its counterpart. With regard to the degree of rotation of the upper molar, the distance between landmarks on the mesial marginal ridge was measured. Chi-square test with a 5% significance level was used to verify the variation in molars position. Student?s t test at 5% significance was used for statistical analysis. Results: A great number of lower molars mesially positioned was registered, and the comparison between the right and left sides also demonstrated a higher number of mesially positioned molars on the right side of both arches. The average rotation of the molars was found to be 0.76 mm and 0.93 mm for the right and left sides, respectively. Conclusion: No statistically significant difference was detected between the mean values of molars mesialization regardless of the side and arch. Molars rotation, measured in millimeters, represented ¼ of Class II.

Molar tooth, Angle Class II malocclusion, Orthodontics,

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