Sagittal and vertical aspects of Class II division 1 subjects according to the respiratory pattern

Admin Dental Press

Edition V18N02 | Year 2013 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 30 to 35

Laura De Castro Cabrera , Luciana Borges Retamoso , Raul Magnoler Sampaio Mei , Orlando Tanaka

Introduction: The teeth position, specially maxillary and mandibular incisors, in relation to basal bone and surrounding soft tissues must be considered in the elaboration of diagnosis, treatment planning and execution to obtain alignment, leveling, intercuspation, facial balance and harmony with stability of results. Objectives: To evaluate the modifications in the positioning of incisors in individuals with Angle Class II, division 1 malocclusion in two distinct moments of dentocraniofacial development, with mean interval of 2 years and 5 months.Methods: The measures were obtained by means of lateral cephalograms of 40 individuals, being 23 nasal breathers (NB) and 17 mouth breathers (MB). The analyzed measures were overjet, overbite, UCI-NA, LCI-NB, UCI.NA, LCI.NB, UCI.SN, LCI.GoGn, UCI.LCI, ANB, GoGn.SN, and OccPl.SN. Statistical analysis (2-way repeated-measures ANOVA) was applied to verify intergroups differences. Results: Overjet, UCI-NA, LCI-NB, ANB, GoGn.SN, and OccPl.SN demonstrated statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) when observed the moment or the respiratory method. Conclusion: There is alteration in the positioning of incisors during growth with interference of the respiratory pattern. Angle Class II malocclusion, Mouth breathing, Breathing, Vertical dimension,

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