In vitro evaluation of force degradation of elastomeric chains used in Orthodontics

Admin Dental Press

Edition V18N01 | Year 2013 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 55 to 62

André Weissheimer , Arno Locks , Luciane Macedo De Menezes , Adriano Ferreti Borgatto , Carla D’agostini Derech

Objective: To analyze the in vitro force degradation of four different brands of elastomeric chains: American Orthodontics, Morelli, Ormco and TP Orthodontics.
Methods: The sample consisted of 80 gray elastomeric chains that were divided into four groups according to their respective manufacturers. Chain stretching was standardized at 21 mm with initial force release ranging from 300 g to 370 g. The samples were kept in artificial saliva at a constant temperature of 37°C and the degradation force was recorded at the following time intervals: initial, 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 hours, and 1, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the groups regarding the force degradation, mainly within the first day, as a force loss of 50-55% was observed during that time in relation to the initial force. The force delivered at 35 days ranged from 122 g to 148 g.
Conclusion: All groups showed force degradation over time, regardless of their trademarks, a force loss of 59-69% was observed in the first hour compared to baseline. However, because the variation in force degradation depends on the trademark, studies such as the present one are important for guiding the clinical use of these materials.

Elastomers, Shear bond strength, Biomedical and dental materials,

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