Evaluation of occlusal factors in patients with temporomandibular joint disorder

Admin Dental Press

Edition V17N06 | Year 2012 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 61 to 68

Max Dória Costa , Gontran Da Rocha Torres Froes Junior , Carlos Neanes Santos

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the relation between the main occlusal factors and the temporomandibular disorder (TMD).
Methods: We analyzed 100 patients (50 diagnosed with TMD and 50 asymptomatic volunteers, control group) through a questionnaire that classified TMD as absent, mild, moderate and severe. Then, an evaluation was made of intraoral occlusal factors: Absence of posterior teeth, wear facets, overjet, overbite, open bite, posterior crossbite, sagittal relationship (Class I, II and III), centric relation discrepancy for maximum intercuspation, anterior guidance and balancing occlusal interference. The c2 examined the association between TMD and considered occlusal variables.
Results: The prevalence of studied occlusal factors was higher in patients with moderate and severe TMD. Statistically significant results were found on: Absence of five or more posterior teeth, overbite and overjet greater than 5 mm, edge-to-edge bite, posterior crossbite, Class II and III, the absence of effective anterior guide and balancing side interferences.
Conclusions: Indeed, it is concluded that there is a relationship between TMD and occlusal factors, however it can not be told to what extent these factors are predisposing, precipitating or perpetuating the disease. Therefore, despite its multifactorial etiology, one can not neglect the occlusal analysis of these patients.

Dental occlusion, Malocclusion, Temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome,

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