Assessment of the mechanical properties of glass ionomer cements for orthodontic cementation

Admin Dental Press

Edition V17N06 | Year 2012 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 154 to 159

Marcel M. Farret , Eduardo Martinelli De Lima , Eduardo Gonçalves Mota , Hugo Mitsuo S. Oshima , Gabriela Maguilnik , Patrícia Alves Scheid

Objective: To evaluate the mechanical properties of three glass ionomers cements (GICs) used for band cementation in Orthodontics.
Methods: Two conventional glass ionomers (Ketac Cem Easy mix/3M-ESPE and Meron/Voco) and one resin modified glass ionomer (Multi-cure Glass ionomer/3M-Unitek) were selected. For the compressive strength and diametral tensile strength tests, 12 specimens were made of each material. For the microhardness test 15 specimens were made of each material and for the shear bond strength tests 45 bovine permanent incisors were used mounted in a self-cure acrylic resin. Then, band segments with a welded bracket were cemented on the buccal surface of the crowns. For the mechanical tests of compressive and diametral tensile strength and shear bond strength a universal testing machine was used with a crosshead speed of 1,0 mm/min and for the Vickers microhardness analysis tests a Microdurometer was used with 200 g of load during 15 seconds. The results were submitted to statistical analysis through ANOVA complemented by Tukey?s test at a significance level of 5%.
Results: The results shown that the Multi-Cure Glass Ionomer presented higher diametral tensile strength (p < 0.01) and compressive strength greater than conventional GICs (p = 0.08). Moreover, Ketac Cem showed significant less microhardness (p < 0.01). Conclusion: The resin-modified glass ionomer cement showed high mechanical properties, compared to the conventional glass ionomer cements, which had few differences between them.
Glass ionomer cements, Dental material, Cementation, Orthodontics,

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