Edition V17N04 | Year 2012 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 85 to 95
Leopoldino Capelozza Filho , Fabricio Monteiro De Castro Machado , Terumi Okada Ozawa , Arlete De Oliveira Cavassan , Mauricio De Almeida Cardoso
Introduction: The opinion on the ?straight-wire? concept has been evolving since its origin, characterized by faithful followers or absolute skepticism. Currently, it seems reasonable to state that most professionals have a more realistic and critical viewpoint, with an attitude that reveals Orthodontics? maturity and greater knowledge on the technique. The most relevant criticisms refer to the impossibility of the both the Straight-Wire and the Standard systems to completely express the characteristics related to the brackets due to mechanical deficiencies, such as bracket/wire play. Objectives: A critical analysis of this relationship, which is unclear due to lack of studies, was the scope of this paper. Methods: The compensatory treatment of two patients, using Capelozza?s individualized brackets, works as the scenery for cephalometric evaluation of changes in incisor inclination produced by different dimensions of leveling archwires. Results: The evaluation of these cases showed that, while the introduction of a 0.019 x 0.025-in stainless steel archwire in a 0.022 x 0.030-in slot did not produce significant changes in incisor inclination, the 0.021 x 0.025-in archwire was capable of changing it, mainly in mandibular incisors, and in the opposite direction to the compensation. Conclusion: Considering compensatory treatments, even when using an individualized prescription according to the malocclusion, the bracket/wire play seems to be a positive factor for malocclusion correction, without undesirable movements. Therefore, it seems reasonable to admit that, until a bracket system can have absolute individualization, the use of rectangular wires that still have a certain play with the bracket slot is advisable.