Edition V17N03 | Year 2012 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 51 to 57
Objective: The aim of this laboratory study is to evaluate the influence of the shape and the length limitation of superelastic nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwires on lower incisors inclination during alignment and leveling. Methods: Metal teeth mounted on a typodont articulator device were used to simulate a malocclusion of the mandibular arch (-3.5 mm model discrepancy). Three different shapes (Standard, Accuform and Ideal) of superelastic NiTi archwires (Sentalloy, GAC, USA) were tested. Specimens were divided in two groups: Group I, with no limitation of the archwire length; and Group II, with distal limitation. Each group had thirty specimens divided into three subgroups differentiated by the archwire shape. All groups used round wires with diameters of 0.014-in, 0.016-in, 0.018-in and 0.020-in. The recording of all intervals was accomplished using standardized digital photographs with orthogonal norm in relation to median sagittal plane. The buccolingual inclination of the incisor was registered using photographs and software CorelDraw. Results: The results were obtained using ANOVA and Tukey?s test at a significant level of 5%. The inclination of the lower incisor increased in both groups and subgroups. The shape of the archwire had statistically significant influence only in Group I ? Standard (11.76°), Ideal (5.88°) and Accuform (1.93°). Analyzing the influence of the length limitation, despite the mean incisor tipping in Group II (3.91°) had been smaller than Group I (6.52°), no statistically significant difference was found, except for Standard, 3.89° with limitation and 11.76° without limitation. The greatest incisor tipping occurred with the 0.014-in archwires.