Edition V17N02 | Year 2012 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 197 to 207
Introduction: The establishment of normal occlusal relationships in patients with cleft lip and palate using rapid maxillary expansion may promote good conditions for future rehabilitation. Objective: This study describes the clinical case of monozygotic twins with unilateral cleft lip and palate at the age of mixed dentition who were treated using the same rapid maxillary expansion protocol, but with two different screws (conventional and fan-type expansion screw). Results were evaluated using plaster models, intraoral and extraoral photographs, and Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans obtained before the beginning of the treatment, (T1 ). Methods: The patients were followed up for 6 months after maxillary expansion, when the same tests requested at T1 were obtained again for review (T2 ). T1 and T2 results were compared using lateral cephalometric tracings and measurements of the intercanine and intermolar distances in the plaster models using a digital caliper. Results: The two types of expansion screws corrected the transverse discrepancy in patients with cleft lip and palate. The shape of the upper arches improved at 10 days after activation. Conclusion: CBCT scans provide detailed information about craniofacial, maxillary and mandibular changes resulting from rapid maxillary expansion. The most adequate screw for each type of malocclusion should be chosen after detailed examination of the dental arches.