Characteristics of adhesive bonding with enamel deproteinization

Admin Dental Press

Edition V24N05 | Year 2019 | Editorial Online Article | Pages 29 to 29

Ghada Abdelaziz Mahmoud, Mohammed E. Grawish, Marwa Sameh Shamaa, Yasser Lotfy Abdelnaby

Objective: To evaluate the effect of using sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on the bond characteristics of orthodontic metal brackets bonded to enamel surface using three adhesive systems. Methods: One hundred twenty premolars were selected and randomly divided into two equal groups of 60 teeth/ each (Groups I and II). The teeth of Group I were left untreated while those of Group II were exposed to 5.25% NaOCl for 1 minute. The teeth in either group were randomly subdivided into three equal subgroups of 20 teeth/ each (A, B and C), according to the type of adhesive system used to bond the brackets. In Subgroup A, phosphoric acid + Transbond XT primer and adhesive were used. In subgroup B, Transbond Plus self-etching primer (SEP) + Transbond XT adhesive were utilized. In subgroup C, phosphoric acid + SmartBond LC adhesive were used. The shear bond strength (SBS) and the degree of adhesive penetration to enamel surface were assessed. Data analyses were performed using ANOVA, post-hoc (LSD), t and chi-square test. Results: Transbond XT had significantly higher SBS than SmartBond LC (p<0.05). Phosphoric acid provided significantly higher SBS and degree of adhesive penetration than SEP (p<0.05). NaOCl significantly increased SBS and degree of adhesive penetration in Subgroups B and C (p<0.05). Conclusion: Adhesion quality of Transbond XT adhesive is better than SmartBond LC. Phosphoric acid is more effective than SEP. NaOCl enhances the bond characteristics. Orthodontic brackets. Sodium hypochlorite. Electron microscopy

Mahmoud GA, Grawish ME, Shamaa MS, Abdelnaby YL. Characteristics of adhesive bonding with enamel deproteinization. Dental Press J Orthod. 2019 Sept-Oct;24(5):29.e1-8. DOI:

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