Edition V16N03 | Year 2011 | Editorial Online Article | Pages 54 to 56
Introduction: The evolution of imaging in dentistry has provided several advantages for the diagnosis and development of treatment plans in various dental specialties. Examinations as nuclear magnetic resonance, computed tomography and cone beam volumetric tomography, as well as 3D reconstruction methods, have enabled a precise analysis of orofacial structures. Allied to this fact, the effects of orthodontic treatment on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) could be evaluated with the accomplishment of clinical studies with appropriate designs and methodologies. Objective: This study, a systematic literature review, had the objective of analyzing the interrelation between orthodontic treatment and TMJ, verifying if orthodontic treatment causes changes in the internal structures of TMJ. Methods: Survey in research bases MEDLINE, Cochrane, EMBASE, Pubmed, Lilacs and BBO, between the years of 1966 and 2009, with focus in randomized clinical trials, longitudinal prospective nonrandomized studies, systematic reviews and meta-analysis. Results: After application of the inclusion criteria 14 articles were selected, 2 were randomized clinical trials and 12 longitudinal nonrandomized studies. Conclusions: According to the literature analysis, the data concludes that orthodontic treatment does not occur at the expense of unphysiological disc-condyle position. Some orthodontic mechanics may cause remodeling of articular bone components.