What is gold standard and what is ground truth?

Admin Dental Press

Edition V19N05 | Year 2014 | Editorial Evidence based Orthodontics | Pages 27 to 30

Jeferson Rosa Cardoso , Ligia Maxwell Pereira , Maura Daly Iversen , Adilson Luiz Ramos

Clinical decision-making is complex and based upon accurate evaluation of clinical findings using diagnostic tests and reference standard data. Given that many aspects of dental examination are not direct measures, but rely on indirect measures, it is important for clinicians to understand the basic principles and terms used to assess the accuracy of diagnostic tests and to appropriately evaluate published literature regarding these tests. Luckily, there is a variety of readily available metric systems to assess the quality of diagnostic test studies and to help clinicians better understand evidence-based literature.

Cardoso JR, Pereira LM, Iversen MD, Ramos AL.
What is gold standard and what is ground truth? Dental Press J Orthod. 2014 Sept-
-Oct;19(5):27-30. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.19.5.027-030.ebo

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