V20N04 | 2015 | Article | Pages 68 to 75
Murilo Fernando Neuppmann Feres, Tomas Salomão Muniz, Saulo Henrique De Andrade, Maurilo De Mello Lemos, Shirley Shizue Nagata Pignatari
Mouth breathing, Diagnosis, Angle Class II malocclusion,
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the cephalometric pattern of children with and without adenoid obstruction. Methods: The sample comprised 100 children aged between four and 14 years old, both males and females, subjected to cephalometric examination for sagittal and vertical skeletal analysis. The sample also underwent nasofiberendoscopic examination intended to objectively assess the degree of adenoid obstruction. Results: The individuals presented tendencies towards vertical craniofacial growth, convex profile and mandibular retrusion. However, there were no differences between obstructive and non-obstructive patients concerning all cephalometric variables. Correlations between skeletal parameters and the percentage of adenoid obstruction were either low or not significant. Conclusions: Results suggest that specific craniofacial patterns, such as Class II and hyperdivergency, might not be associated with adenoid hypertrophy.
Feres MFN, Muniz TS, Andrade SH, Lemos MM, Pignatari SSN. Craniofacial skeletal pattern: is it really correlated with the degree of adenoid obstruction? Dental Press J Orthod. 2015 July-Aug;20(4):68-75. DOI: //dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.20.4.068-075.oar