Edition V20N04 | Year 2015 | Editorial Article | Pages 63 to 67
Objective: To assess facial morphology (Pattern) and sagittal relationship between dental arches (Class), and establish a potential association between them and the variables sex, age and ethnicity, among schoolchildren aged between 4 and 9 years old (mean age of 6.7 years) in primary and mixed dentitions. Methods: The sample comprised 875 children (457 males and 418 females) attending schools in Descalvado, São Paulo, Brazil. An attempt was made with a view to establish a potential association between children’s morphological features with sex, age and ethnicity. Results: Descriptive analysis revealed a predominance of facial Pattern I (69.9 %) and Class I (67.4 %). Statistical tests (p < 0.001) showed that Class I was more frequent among Pattern I children, whereas Class II prevailed among Pattern II, and Class III was frequent among Pattern I and III children. Ethnicity was the only variable associated with facial pattern. Conclusions: Results suggest that facial pattern and sagittal relationship between dental arches tend to be correlated. Ethnicity was associated with facial pattern, with Pattern I being the most recurrent among Caucasians and facial Pattern II being recurrent among Afro-descendant subjects.
Epidemiology, Dental occlusion, Primary dentition,
Traldi A, Valdrighi HC, Souza LZ, Vedovello SAS. Evaluation of facial morphology and sagittal relationship between dental arches in primary and mixed dentition. Dental Press J Orthod. 2015 July-Aug;20(4):63-7. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.20.4.063-067.oar