Facial profile esthetic preferences: perception in two Brazilian states

Admin Dental Press

Edition V20N03 | Year 2015 | Editorial Article | Pages 88 to 95

Marina Detoni Vieira De Oliveira , Bruno Lopes Da Silveira , Cláudia Trindade Mattos , Mariana Marquezan

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the regional influence on the perception of facial profile esthetics in Rio de Janeiro state (RJ) and Rio Grande do Sul state (RS), Brazil. Methods: Two Caucasian models, a man and a woman, with balanced facial profiles, had their photographs digitally manipulated so as to produce seven different profiles. First year dental students (laypeople) assessed the images and classified them according to their esthetic preference. Results: The result of the t test for independent samples showed differences among states for certain facial profiles. The female photograph identified with the letter ‘G’ (mandibular retrusion) received higher scores in RS state (p = 0.006). No differences were found for male photographs (p > 0.007). The evaluators’ sex seemed not to influence their esthetic perception (p > 0.007). Considering all evaluators together, ANOVA/Tukey’s test showed differences among the profiles (p ≤ 0.05) for both male and female photographs. The female photograph that received the highest score was the one identified with the letter ‘F’ (dentoalveolar bimaxillary retrusion/ straight profile). For the male profiles, photograph identified with the letter ‘E’ (dentoalveolar bimaxillary protrusion/ straight profile) received the best score. Conclusion: Regional differences were observed regarding preferences of facial profile esthetics. In Rio de Janeiro state, more prominent lips were preferred while in Rio Grande do Sul state, profiles with straight lips were favored. Class III profiles were considered less attractive.

Orthodontics, Face, Esthetics,

Oliveira MDV, Silveira BL, Mattos CT, Marquezan M. Facial profile esthetic preferences: perception in two Brazilian states. Dental Press J Orthod. 2015 May-June;20(3):88-95. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.20.3.088-095.oar

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