Edition V15N05 | Year 2010 | Editorial Article | Pages 143 to 149
Introduction: A smaller voxel dimension leads to greater resolution of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), but a greater dosage of radiation is emitted. Objective: Assess and compare the reproducibility of buccal and lingual bone plate thickness measurements in CBCT images using different image acquisition protocols, with variations in the voxel dimension. Methods: CBCT exams were taken of 12 dried human mandibles with voxel dimensions of 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 mm using the i-CAT Cone-Beam 3-D Dental Imaging System. The thickness of the buccal and lingual bone plates was measured, with the i-CAT Vision software, on an axial section passing 12 mm above the right mental foramen. Intra-examiner and inter-examiner reproducibility was assessed using the paired t-test and independent t-test, respectively, with the level of significance set at 5%. Results: Excellent inter-examiner reproducibility was observed for the three protocols analyzed. Intra-examiner reproducibility was very good, with the exception of some regions of the anterior teeth, which exhibited statistically significant differences regardless of the voxel dimensions. Conclusion: The measurement of buccal and lingual bone plate thickness on CBCT images demonstrated good precision for voxel dimensions of 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 mm. The reproducibility of the measurements of the anterior region of the mandible was more critical than that of the posterior region.