Prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 9 to 12 years old in the city of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

Admin Dental Press

Edition V14N06 | Year 2009 | Editorial Article | Pages 118 to 124

Daniel Ibrahim Brito , Patricia Fernanda Dias , Rogerio Gleiser

Introduction: Knowledge of a population’s epidemiological situation is important in the planning and provision of dental services. Objectives: Assess the prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 9 to 12 years old from public schools in the city of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Methods: A randomly selected sample consisting of 407 children (53.1% female) who were evaluated by a trained professional, after parental consent. Results: The most prevalent malocclusions were crowding (45.5%), excessive overjet (29.7%), posterior crossbite (19.2%), anterior diastema (16.2%), partially erupted teeth (12.0%) and excessive overbite (10.8%). Class I molar relationship prevailed (76.7%). The presence of diastemas was higher in females and excessive overbite was more prevalent in males, both in mixed dentition. Negative overjet and the presence of partially erupted teeth had a higher prevalence in permanent dentition. Conclusion: It was observed that the mere evaluation of malocclusion prevalence does not reveal case severity or treatment need, both of which are important factors in public health planning.

Prevalence, Malocclusion, Children, Public health,

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